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Shapiro Library

Chicago Style: Basics

This guide is intended to help you cite sources in Chicago style, avoid plagiarism, learn what Chicago style is and includes, find examples of Chicago style, lead you to campus resources that can help you cite sources in Chicago, and more.

Personal Communication 

In-Text Citation Format:

(AuthorFirstName AuthorLastName, Platform message to author, Date)

For Example:

(Michaela Smith, Facebook message to author, January 18, 2018)

(Shane Wolter, text message to author, March 29, 2017)


¹ Personal communication includes email, text messages, and other messaging (e.g. Facebook messages). These are cited in text and are only rarely included in the bibliography. See 15.53: Unpublished interviews and personal communications for more information.