APA uses the author-date method of in-text citation. This type of citation can be formatted as either parenthetical or narrative citations This link opens in a new window:
The author's last name and publication date are included in parentheses and separated by a comma.
|(Author, Publication Date)||(Smith, 2017)|
|(Author & Author, Publication Date)||(Johnson & Granger, 2018)|
|(Author et al., Publication Date)||(Maybell et al., 2013)|
|(Author, Publication Date; Author & Author, Publication Date)||(Foster, 2020; Chandler & Pearce, 2012)|
The author name is mentioned in the text and is immediately followed by the publication date in parentheses.
|Author (Publication Date)||Smith (2017)|
|Author and Author (Publication Date)||Johnson and Granger (2018)|
|Author et al. (Publication Date)||Maybell et al. (2013)|
|Author (Publication Date) and Author and Author (Publication Date)||Foster (2020) and Chandler and Pearce (2012)|
The 7th edition specifies how many authors to include in the in-text citation:
For more information on how to format authors, included group authors with or without abbreviations see the table in on the Author-Date Citation System This link opens in a new window page.
APA Style does not use "ibid."