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Shapiro Library

APA Style: Basics

This guide is intended to help you cite sources in APA style, avoid plagiarism, learn what APA style is and includes, find examples of APA style, lead you to campus resources that can help you cite sources in APA, and more.

Citations for Paraphrased Sources


If you paraphrase a source you need to include an in-text citation for that source using either the narrative or parenthetical citation formats. Unsure how to paraphrase? Check out the video below from Academic Support.

Page Numbers

Page numbers are not required, but you can include them.

Page Number Format
Number of Pages Format Narrative Citation Example Parenthetical Citation Example
Single page number p. 43 Thompson (2014) believes that..... (p. 23). (Thompson, 2014, p. 25)
Page range pp. 29-32 Thompson (2014) believes that..... (pp. 11-17). (Thompson, 2014, pp. 19-21)