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Shapiro Library

HIS 117 & 118 - World Civilizations

This guide provides resources to support students studying the world's major civilizations.

What are primary sources?


Primary sources are original records created at the time historical events occurred or well after events in the form of memoirs and oral histories. Primary sources may include letters, manuscripts, diaries, journals, newspapers, speeches, interviews, memoirs, documents produced by government agencies such as Congress or the Office of the President, audio recordings, moving pictures or video recordings, research data, and objects or artifacts such as works of art or ancient roads, buildings, tools, and weapons.

Taken from the American Library Association / Reference and User Services Association http://www.ala.org/rusa/sections/history/resources/pubs/
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Databases with Primary Sources


The library subscribes to a number of databases that include primary source material. Here is a selected list to support your research on world civilizations. Please note that not everything within each database is a primary source; you will need to evaluate each source carefully to determine if it meets the criteria of a primary source for your research.

World History Primary Sources


The following is a list of selected digital collections found online, outside of the library. These collections include primary sources such as images, manuscripts, maps, and government documents.