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Shapiro Library

HIS 117 & 118 - World Civilizations

This guide provides resources to support students studying the world's major civilizations.

Citing Sources in Chicago Style


Chicago Style, currently in its 17th edition, is established by the University of Chicago.  Chicago Style includes rules for formatting your paper and citing your sources. Chicago is most often used in the disciplines of History and Religion, yet may also be used in Literature, the Arts, and Business. Be sure to check with your professor as to what citation style is required for each assignment!

For more information, check out our Citing Your Sources Research Guide, and the The Chicago Manual of Style Online.

Citing Primary Sources


Many of the primary sources you will use in your research will be accessed through electronic means. The Library of Congress has a helpful guide on Citing Primary Sources that has several examples on how to cite some of the most common primary sources available electronically.

Writing Help


There are several options that online students can use to get writing help from the Online Writing Center (OWC).

You can get written feedback by submitting your paper to the OWC through your Blackboard course. Once you've submitted your paper, you can access written feedback from the OWC using the same link within about 24 hours.

You can make an appointment with a writing coach using the OWC's scheduling tool or contact them with inquiries using this form.

Finally, the OWC's website has a number of writing resources you can use and their YouTube channel provides a series of videos on topics like citing sources, revising and editing, writing theses, annotated bibliographies, and more.