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Criminal Justice

This resource is intended to guide your research in Criminal Justice courses. It will help you identify resources and strategies for topics within Criminal Justice.

Human Services & Advocacy

Within Criminal Justice, human services and advocacy focuses on helping folks navigate the criminal justice system. Research in this area focuses on public policy, juvenile justice, support systems and laws applicable to community life including abuse, education and emancipation. The following resources can help you narrow or build your topic, learn about the language used to describe human services and advocacy topics, and get you up to speed on the major advancements in this field.

Human Services & Advocacy Databases

Research in human services & advocacy utilizes core criminal justice resources, as well as resources in sociology, psychology and law. You may find it helpful to search the following databases for your research, in addition to the core resources listed on the home page.

Human Services & Advocacy Subject Headings

You may find it helpful to take advantage of predefined subjects or subject headings in Shapiro Databases. These subjects are applied to articles and books by expert catalogers to help you find materials on your topic. The headings you explore will depend on your topic and formatting and phrasing my vary by database.

Consider using databases to perform subject searches, or incorporating words from applicable subjects into your keyword searches. Here are some addiction subjects to consider:

  • Domestic violence
  • Abuse
  • Juvenile delinquency
  • Juvenile Offenders
  • Restorative justice
  • Criminal Law and Procedure
  • Judicial Administration

Human Services & Advocacy Example Search

Not sure what you want to research exactly, but want to get a feel for the resources available? Try the following search in any of the databases listed above:


"criminal justice" AND (advoca* OR "human services")


We use the OR boolean operator to tell the database any of the listed terms are relevant to our search. We use parenthesis to organize our search, and we stem or truncate the word advocacy with the asterisk to tell the database that any ending of the word, as long as the letters advoca is at the beginning of the word, will do. This way, the word advocate, advocacy and other related terms will also be included. Where one idea is described with multiple words (criminal justice, human services) we enclose the words in quotation marks. This is called phrase searching and tells the database that these words are only relevant when they appear together and in that order.

Human Services & Advocacy Organization Websites