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MLA Style: Basics

This guide is intended to help you cite sources in MLA style, avoid plagiarism, learn what MLA style is and includes, find examples of MLA style, lead you to campus resources that can help you cite sources in MLA, and more.

Images and Artwork


Sculpture or Other Object

With Title

General Format

Artist. Title of Artwork. Date, Location. Format (optional).

For Example

Rogers, Randolph. Nydia, the Blind Flower Girl of Pompeii. 1859, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City. Marble sculpture.

In-Text Citation

Parenthetical Citation

(Rogers)

Citation in Prose

Randolph Rogers carved "Nydia, the Blind Flower Girl of Pompeii" in 1859 and it was a popular American sculpture...

No Title

General Format

Artist (if known). Description of Artwork. Date (if known). Location.

For Example

Theatrical Masks and Ram Vessel for Offering. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.

In-Text Citation

Parenthetical Citation

(Theatrical Masks and Ram Vessel)

Citation in Prose

The Theatrical Masks and Ram Vessel for Offering are thought to be from Egypt and from the 2nd-century B.C.E...

Painting

Viewed Firsthand (In a Museum)

General Format

Artist. Title of Artwork. Date, Location.

For Example

Wood, Thomas Waterman. A Bit of War History: The Veteran. 1866, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.

In-Text Citation

Parenthetical Citation

(Wood)

Citation in Prose

The Veteran is the third in a series of paintings by Thomas Waterman Wood...

Viewed Online

General Format

Artist. Title of Artwork. Date. Website, URL.

For Example

Wood, Thomas Waterman. A Bit of War History: The Veteran. 1866. The MET, www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/13344.

In-Text Citation

Parenthetical Citation

(Wood)

Citation in Prose

Thomas Waterman Wood's painting The Veteran depicts an African-American soldier...

Viewed in a Book

General Format

Artist. Title of Artwork. Date of Artwork, Location. Title of Book, by Author, Publisher, Date, p.#.

For Example

Zoffany, Johann. Major William Palmer with his Second Wife, the Mughal Princess Bibi Faiz Bakhsh. 1785, The British Library, London. Empire and Art: British India, by Renate Dohmen, Manchester University Press, 2018, p. 34.

In-Text Citation

Parenthetical Citation

(Zoffany)

Citation in Prose

Johann Zoffany's painting Major William Palmer with his Second Wife, the Mughal Princess Bibi Faiz Bakhsh...

Photograph

Viewed Firsthand (In a Museum)

General Format

Photographer. Title of Photograph. Date, Location.

For Example

Käsebier, Gertrude. Whirling Horse, Sioux. Circa 1899, Museum of Modern Art, New York City.

In-Text Citation

Parenthetical Citation

(Käsebier)

Citation in Prose

Gertrude Käsebier's photograph of Whirling Horse, a member of the Sioux, ...

Viewed Online

General Format

Photographer. Title of Photograph. Date. Website, URL.

For Example

Käsebier, Gertrude. Whirling Horse, Sioux. Circa 1899. MOMA, www.moma.org/collection/works/47300.

In-Text Citation

Parenthetical Citation

(Käsebier)

Citation in Prose

Gertrude Käsebier's photograph of Whirling Horse, a member of the Sioux, ...

Illustrated Work or Cartoon

Illustrated Work or Cartoon

General Format

Artist. "Title of Work." Title of Source, Date (if available, if not add an accessed date at the end), Location.

For Example

Seluk, Nick. "Argument style." The Awkward Yeti, theawkwardyeti.com/comic/argument-styles/. Accessed 11 June 2021.

In-Text Citation

Parenthetical Citation

(Seluk)

Citation in Prose

Nick Seluk, the comic behind The Awkward Yeti and adorable Heart and Brain comics...