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Shapiro Library

Chicago Style: Basics

This guide is intended to help you learn what Chicago Style is and includes. This guide will help you cite sources and avoid plagiarism. The guide also includes examples of Chicago style and lead you to resources that can help you cite sources.

Notes & Bibliography: General Formatting Rules


  • Chicago Style Notes & Bibliography requires the use of notes, footnotes or endnotes, and a bibliography.
  • The first note of a source should include author(s), title, publication information, and page number(s).
  • Any subsequent notes of the same source need only to include a short form of the citation.
  • Bibliographies are listed alphabetically by author last name.
  • The second and subsequent lines of bibliographic entries are indented. 
  • The notes are not double-spaced; however, there is a space between each individual note.
  • The bibliography entries are also not double-spaced, but there is a space between each individual entry.