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Clinical Practice Toolkit

About this guide

The toolkit is a collection of resources, tools, and services to help you provide evidence-based care to your patients.


Pathophysiology is a combination of two medical fields: physiology and pathology. Physiology This link opens in a new window is the study of the human body and its functions; pathology This link opens in a new window is the study of disease. Pathophysiology is the study of changes in the body occurring because of a disease or injury. Because understanding the progression of a disease is essential to learning how to identify and treat it, pathophysiology is a required area of study for most people in the medical profession, including doctors, nurses, and medical technicians. Read more about Pathophysiology This link opens in a new window.

Physical Assessment

[I]n nursing terms assessment is seen as the first stage of the nursing process in which data is obtained and collected and from which a nursing care plan can be devised. Assessment is a multi-stage cyclic process viewed as the essence of nursing and involves initial ideas which are formed about clients’ existing health needs followed by confirmation of the data obtained, clarification and understanding, reassessment and evaluation (Aggleton and Chalmers, 2000). Assessment and the use of the nursing process are embedded within nursing and together they constitute a standard proficiency for pre-registration nursing programmes at the point of registration. Read more about Physical Assessment This link opens in a new window.


Pharmacology is the science and practice of developing and administering chemicals as agents in the treatment of diseases. Pharmaceuticals are drugs used as to treat disease, yet they are also abused for “recreational” purposes or used for criminal purposes.

The discipline of pharmacology comprises more than just the chemistry of drugs. It also includes the study of how living organisms react to exposure to drugs. The interactions may be anti-pathogenic, therapeutic, or toxic. The later area of study is toxicology, or the study of poisonous effects. Read more about Pharmacology This link opens in a new window.