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NUR 440 - Research and Evidence Based Practice

This Library Research Guide is to assist NUR 440 students in using nursing databases, learning about EBP and to assist with the course project. Evidence-based practices, research, scholarly articles, APA citation, levels of evidence, PICO, PICOT

Models for Implementation

There are differing definitions of what a model is and can simply be stated that it is a representation of reality or even an easy way of organizing difficult and involved ideas. Models should be viewed as "conceptual tools or devices that can be used by an individual to understand and place complex phenomena into perspective" (McKenna & Slevin, 2011, p. 108).   

The following is a list of possible models that address implementing evidence based nursing or evidence based practice:

Models for Implementation

Year Full APA Citation Name of Model
1976, 1994, 2001

Stetler, C. (2001). Updating the Stetler Model of Research Utilization to facilitate evidence-based practice. Nursing Outlook, 49(6), 272-279.

Stetler Model of Evidence Based Practice (also previously known as: Stetler/Marram Model of Research Utilization, Stetler Model of Research Utilization)

Brown, C. G. (2014). The Iowa model of evidence-based practice to promote quality care: An illustrated example in oncology nursing. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 18(2), 157-159. doi:10.1188/14.CJON.157-159

Iowa Model of Evidence-Based Practice to Promote Quality Care

Stevens, K. R. (2004). ACE Star Model of knowledge transformation. Academic Center for Evidence-Based Practice, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. Retrieved from

ACE Star Model of Knowledge Transformation
1998, 2004

Logan, J., & Graham, I. D. (1998). Toward a comprehensive interdisciplinary model of health care research use. Science Communication, 20(2), 227.

Graham, K., & Logan, J. (2004). Using the Ottawa Model of Research use to implement a skin care program. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 19(1), 18-26.

Ottawa Model of Research Use (OMRU)
2002, 2004

Melnyk, B. (2002). Evidence-based practice. Strategies for overcoming barriers in implementing evidence-based practice. Pediatric Nursing, 28(2), 159-161.

Fineout-Overholt, E., Levin, R., & Melnyk, B. (2004). Strategies for advancing evidence-based practice in clinical settings. Journal of The New York State Nurses Association, 35(2), 28-32.

Advancing Research and Clinical practice through close Collaboration (ARCC) model 

Source citation: McKenna, H., & Slevin, O. (2011). Vital notes for nurses : nursing models, theories and practice. Retrieved from