Skip to Main Content
Accessibility Information

NUR 440 - Research and Evidence Based Practice

This Library Research Guide is to assist NUR 440 students in using nursing databases, learning about EBP and to assist with the course project. Evidence-based practices, research, scholarly articles, APA citation, levels of evidence, PICO, PICOT

What is an Annotated Bibliography?

An Annotated Bibliography is an APA Reference list of sources followed by notes and commentary about a source. The annotations summarize, assess, evaluate, and reflect on the information source.  

If we look at the word “annotate,” we are talking about “critical or explanatory notes” about the information source(s). “Bibliography” means “a list of information sources”. For an academic audience, annotations must be both critical and descriptive.   

Annotated Bibliography structure? 

So, if we could develop an anatomy of Annotated Bibliography we could break it into 3 parts: The summary, assess and evaluate, and reflection.  

For annotated bibliographies, use standard APA format for the citations, then add a brief entry, including: 

  • 2 to 4 sentences to summarize the main idea(s) of the source. 
    • What are the main arguments? 
    • What is the point of the information source? 
    • What topics are discussed? 
  • 1 or 2 sentences to assess and evaluate the source. 
    • How does it compare with other sources in your bibliography? 
    • Is this information reliable? current? 
    • Is the author credible?      
    • Is the source objective or biased? 
  • 1 or 2 sentences to reflect on the source. 
    • Was this source helpful to you? 
    • How can you use this source for your research? 
    • Has it changed how you think about your research topic? 

(Rasmussen College, 2020) 

Screenshot of the annotated bibliography example in the Publication Manual of the APA.

More Information

The library has books and eBooks in our collection which can help answer your questions about preparing an annotated bibliography.  To find books and eBooks on preparing an annotated bibliography, please search the Multi-Search or the Online Library Catalog.

Further Help

This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. Please be sure to speak to your professor about the appropriate way to write an annotated bibliography in your class assignments and projects.

Campus Students

To access academic support, visit your Brightspace course and select “Tutoring and Mentoring” from the Academic Support pulldown menu.

Online Students

To access help with citation and more, visit Academic Support via modules in Brightspace:


Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). (2020). Sample Annotated Bibliography (p. 308)

Rasmussen College (2020) Annotated Bibliography - APA Guide