This Library Research Guide is to assist NUR 440 students in using nursing databases, learning about EBP and to assist with the course project. Evidence-based practices, research, scholarly articles, APA citation, levels of evidence, PICO, PICOT
The PICOT question is "a consistent, systematic way to identify the components of a clinical issue" (Stillwell, 2010, p. 59). Review the resources below to learn the importance of the clinical question, how to create one and to look at examples.
Stillwell, S., Fineout-Overholt, E., Melnyk, B., & Williamson, K. (2010). EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE Step by Step: Asking the Clinical Question: A Key Step in Evidence-Based Practice. The American Journal of Nursing, 110(3), 58-61. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/25734323
Let’s say your PICO question is whether music therapy reduces the stress of premature infants? Fill out the PICO guided search with the appropriate keywords and synonyms like this:
Once you click Submit, it will populate the search box with your search terms and run the search. Make sure that you update your publication date if you can only use articles from the past 5 years. There’s a publication date filter over on the left side. Just type in the year you want into the left box and it should update your results immediately once you click Enter.
Nursing Journals on OVID
In addition to CINAHL, we also recommend that you run a similar search in Nursing Journals on OVID This link opens in a new window. It does not have a PICO guided search tool, but you can copy and paste the search string from your CINAHL search just like this and plug it into the OVID search box:
(premature infants OR preterm infants) AND (music OR sing* OR song) AND (anxiety OR stress)
If you see an article that looks helpful, but you do not see the full-text link on the right, please submit an Interlibrary Loan request for it. It’s a free service for SNHU students and it generally only takes 2-4 business days to get you the PDF from a library that has it. This is highly recommended for nursing students as there are many nursing journals that put an embargo on the most recent issues.