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Educational Leadership - Ed.D. and Ph.D.

Research guide for students pursuing an Ed.D. or Ph.D. in Educational Leadership

Literature Review


Research Tips

Tips to keep in mind while you are searching:

  • You'll be explaining the background of your research problem with an eye to giving a comprehensive review of the discussion by scholars, professionals, and those impacted by your research problem up to this point in time
  • Look for a variety of studies: well-known studies that have been cited by others; studies by emerging scholars with innovative perspectives; and/or those representative of the group being studied
  • Review the references of each article you find to determine if any of the resources they used might be pertinent to your dissertation as well
  • Search for each article you use in Google Scholar, then click on "Cited by" to see which articles have been written more recently that cite the article you are looking at to see the most up-to-date research on that particular topic
  • If you can't find the full text of the document, put in an Interlibrary Loan request and we'll try to get it for you, don't skip it!

Inclusive Citation & Inclusive Referencing

  • "Inclusive Citation" describes an approach to citing the intellectual and creative work of individuals and groups with a diversity of backgrounds, experiences, and perspectives. (Andrea Baer, Rowan University)
  • "Inclusive Referencing" is the practice of including different voices and perspectives in your research. It prioritises investigating, and where relevant, including non-dominant voices, and emphasises the importance of including voices and perspectives from the group you are looking at and/or groups affected by the topic. (Technological University Dublin)
  • Pre-Research Questions
    • What voices could or should be included in your research?
    • Are you looking at a particular community or geographic region? Do you have sources from that community or region?
    • Are particular groups particularly affected by the topic you're discussing? Do you have sources from those groups?
    • Does your research need to be accessible for people with different needs? For example, would audio-visual resources or other means of representation make your topic more accessible for your audience?
  • Research Your Citations
    • "performing a count of one's references and finding a bit of information about who one is actually citing, for example, is a simple method to draw attention to citation as a technology that isn't just a passive representation of things we read, but an active interrogation of who we include, who we exclude, and why." (Mott & Cockayne, 2017)

Handouts & Presentations